It was declared by the African Union in August 2008, hoping this would help marshal collective continental efforts to douse all raging conflicts and wars in Africa.
The armed conflicts every year kill thousands of people, cause humanitarian crises and provoke loss of hope for a better future. In order to revive the hope among the peoples of Africa, the Heads of States are determined to put an end to the scourge of conflicts and violence on the continent.
The campaign of peace and security in Africa will be crowned Sept. 21, 2010, the International Day of Peace which will be a unique moment of collective union by highlighting the objectives of the Year of Peace and Security and provide a stronger foundation for sustainable peace in Africa. A cease-fire and a cessation of all hostilities must be marked in all African areas of conflict during the day to show that peace was possible in Africa and that life is better without violence or conflict.
However, the initiative to promote peace, security and stability in Africa will not be limited to one day only but it will take several years and it will be an opportunity for African governments and institutions in collaboration with the international community, to celebrate successes and to review current efforts to promote peace in order to strengthen, build an important milestone in launching new initiatives to promote peace and security.