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Saturday, August 15, 2009

Maulana Hasrat Mohani Commemorative Postage Stamp (Pioneers Of Freedom Series) (1989-1)

Syed Fazl ul Hasan popularly known as Hasrat Mohani was barn in 1878 at village Mohen in district Unao (UP). After graduation from Aligarh in 1903 he plunged in the vortex of politics, joined Indian National Congress and soon became one of its prominent leaders.
He became President of UP Congress Committee. He was succeeded by Pundit Jawahir Lal Nehru who praised the 2 Maulana highly for his indomitable courage in defying the British Raj and for his unfaltering devotion to Independence.
Maulana Hasrat Mohani launched a literary magazine known as Urdu-e-Moalla which gradually acquired a political complexion. He was arrested and sentenced to two years rigorous imprisonment in 1908 for publishing an article against British policies in Egypt in Urdu-e-Moalla. He was arrested again in 1916 for his involvement in Reshmi Romal Tehrik.
In his pursuit of freedom Maulana Hasrat Mohani was closely associated with Indian National Congress, Khilafat Committee, Communist Party, Forward Block and ultimately All India Muslim League.
He presided over the Allahabad Session of the All India Muslim League in 1921 where he delivered his famous presidential address which was forfeited by the British Government. Maulana Hasrat Mohani constantly and persistently opposed British rule in India.
He was the first Indian politician who demanded full independence from British rule in Allahabad Session of All India Muslim League. He was also the first Indian leader who proposed guerrilla warfare for achieving independence from the British rulers.
Maulana Hasrat Mohani moved a formal resolution in the Lucknow Session of the All India Muslim League for changing the policy of the Muslim League for achieving dominion status into a demand for full independence. This resolution was unanimously passed in the session.
Quaid-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah held Maulana Hasrat Mohani in high esteem for his saintly austerity, his political wisdom, his intellectual integrity, his dedication to the Muslim cause and devotion to Islam.
Maulana Hasrat Mohani was in the vanguard of Pakistan Movement and was elected to the Constituent Assembly of India on Muslim League ticket.
He fought for the Muslim cause and vehemently preached for Pakistan knowing full well that he would not be its direct beneficiary.
Maulana Hasrat Mohani was also a deep religious scholar, a noted journalist, an incisive critic, a great poet and the founder of Jadid Urdu Ghazal Maulana Hasrat Mohani died on May 13, 1951 at Lucknow.
To commemorate the Pioneers of Freedom Pakistan Past Office is issuing a postage stamp of Rs 3 denomination on Maulana Hasrat Mohani on January 23, 1989.