50 Paisa: The stamp is divided into three por-tions. The central portion with a pale green backgr-ound depicts a geometric pattern enclosing the sym-bol of the United Nations Organisation, placed right in the centre of the stamp. The different units of colours, green, ultramarine, turquoise blue and prussian blue, overlap suggesting the idea of unity and peace which this organisation aims to bring about. The two panels on either side of the cent-ral panel are in ultramarine with lettering in prus-sian blue. The panel on the left bears the words “25th Anniversary of the U.N.O”. The panel on the right has the word ‘Pakistan’ in Bengali, Urdu and English as well as the word ‘Postage” and the value “50 Paisa”. To commemorate the 25th Anniversary of the United Nations, Pakistan Post Office is issuing a set of two stamps of 20 Paisa and 50 Paisa denominations on 26-6-1970, which is the anniversary of the signing of the Charter of the United Nations.
The name ‘United Nations’ was devised by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by the United Nations on 1st January 1942, when the representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against what they called ‘Axis Powers’. The Charter of the United Nations was drawn up by the representatives of 50 coun-tries at a conference in San Francisco in 1945 and was signed on 26th June 1945. Poland, not represented in the con-ference, signed it latter and became one of the original 51 Member States. Twenty-five years latter, the membership of the Orga-nization has increased to 126 States, many of them newly come to nationhood. The purpose of the Organisation is—
1. to maintain international peace and security,
2. to develop friendly relations among nations,
3. to co-operate internationally in solving international economic, so-cial, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedom,
4. to be a centre for harmonising the actions of nations in attaining these common ends.
The United Nations officially came into existence on 24th October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, USSR, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, and by a majority of other signatories; 24th October is now uni-versally celebrated as United Nations Day.
As early as 1946, the United Nations had demonstrated its deep concern over the problems of children by establishing UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund. Today, UNICEF is helping 700 million children in 120 countries. On 20th November 1963, the general Assembly of the United Nations adopted unanimously the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discri-mination. On 7th November 1967 the Declaration on the Elimination of Dis-crimination against Women was adopted by the General Assembly which sets rights for women on equal terms with men. The General Assembly on 12th . June, 1968 adopted resolution 2373 (XXII) in which it commended the Treaty on the Non-Prolife-ration of Nuclear Weapons. UNHCR stands for office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. It was estab-lished in December, 1950 with Headquarters at Geneva (Switzerland), with 40 Branch Offices throughout the world. Over the past few years UNHCR has currently been concerned with hundreds of thousands of refugees needing international assistance.
The above is an outline only to give an idea of the many-fold tasks in which the United Nations is engaged in today’s world for the betterment of humanity.