To commemorate the 25th Anniver-sary of UNICEF, the Pakistan Post Office is issuing a postage stamp of 50 —Paisa denomination on 11th December, 1971.
UNICEF came into being on December 11, 1946 in pursuance of the unanimous vote of the United Nations General Assembly. In the beginning, it had limited and temporary functions, having been designed as an emergency measure to ameliorate the plight of chil-dren in countries which had been torn apart by war, mostly in Europe. After this immediate post—war emergency was met, however, the emphasis of UNICEF’s work shifted and since than its efforts have been turned towards the chronic needs of the children struggling for life in the developing nations.
II. The primary concern of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is to help mobilize the world’s resources to meet the needs of the children in low income countries. Three—fourths of the world’s children live in such countries. About 30,000 of them die every day from lack of proper food or because of insuffi-cient medical care. A majority of them lack the educational and social oppor-tunities they need to grow up as useful citizens of the world. UNICEE tries to encourage and stimulate the efforts of people and governments in every country to do more for children. It helps them by providing the kind of effective inter-national aid that can serve as a lever for mobilizing and co—ordinating local re-sources and thus create lasting improve-ments for children.
UNICEF strives to give today’s children the kind of help which will make them able, tomorrow, to work to abolish the causes of distress. Children who live short and unhappy lives—in poverty, hunger and sickness—are a heavy burden to the world but if they can live long, productive and happy lives, enjoying the advantages of health and education, they are the world’s greatest assets.
UNICEF aids children in three basic ways (1) It helps governments to formu-late specific projects to meet the most important needs of children.
(2 It purchases supplies and equip-ment and ships these around the world for use in connection with specific projects in permanent health services, disease control campaigns, nutrition programmes, family and child welfare services, education and vocational training and emergency aid.
(3) It provides stipends and grants to help train social service perso-nnel, nutritionist, technicians, tea-chers, midwives, nurses and other health workers who will work directly with children. UNICEF assists developing coun-tries to meet specific problems in six major spheres permanent health services, disease control nutrition, family and child welfare, education and vocational training, and emergency aid.
III In over 100 countries, governments are making sustained efforts to establish and expand maternal and child health services often including immunization environmental sanitation and health edu-cation—as part of broad national health systems UNICEF provides basic technical equipment, vehicles and supplies (in many cases including drugs, milk powder vitamins and soap) to networks of maternal and child health centres and pediatric words in district hospitals. In all UNICEF has so far helped to equip 33,000 health centres and subcentres, which provide continuing services for more than 100 million persons, mostly children and mothers.
IV Malaria, tuberculosis yaws, leprosy and trachoma are serious communicable diseases which afflict many millions of children. The prevention and cure of these diseases is now technically feasible in a number of developing countries. UNICEF assists campaigns against such major communicable diseases by providing insecticides and sprayers, drugs and antibiotics, laboratory and clinical supp-lies, vaccines and health education mate-rials. In one recent year alone, for example, UNICEF provided insecticides that protected 35 million persons in 27 countries from Malaria.