The population planning programme does not aim at reducing the population The purpose of the programme is to educate the married population and provide them with population planning services in order to enable them to achieve spacing between child births thus ensuring better health of the couple particularly mothers. The prog-ramme is designed to determine the feasible size of their families resulting in the pro-motion of health standard of the indivi-dual and the nation. Its reach is confined to married couples who so desire to plan the size of their families and its prime objective is to improve the social conditions in the country and promote health standard of the nation.
The Fourth Five Year Plan is a period of expanded and intensified efforts. The administrative structure is designed to ap-proach all fertile couples in the country, to maintain regular and continued contact with them and to report systematically on the outcome of each such contact. People’s Gov-ernment has a declared objective to amelio-rate the lot of the common man. Population Planning Programme is a gigantic effort to maintain balance between the material and physical resources of the na-tion. The total size of the programme in the country which was Rs. 221.45 lakhs in 1965-66 at its inception and Rs. 279.23 lakhs in the last year of the previous re-gimes rose under the present Government to Rs. 340.15 lakhs in 1972-73 and Rs.1025.1O lakhs in 1973-74. This increase speaks for itself about the unprecedented effort and progress made in this field.
A multi-dimensional publicity prog-ramme has been enforced depending mostly on inter-personnel contacts but mobilising also indirect publicity on Radio, TV and other mass media.
The crude birth rate which stood at 50 per thousand in 1955 and was estimated by the Planning Commission to be 45 per thousand in 1970. The programme now aims to bring down the rate to 40 per thousand by 1975.