Markhor is endangered throughout its habitat in
It is the largest and heaviest of all the wild goats. There are several sub-species of Markhor, amongst which Suleiman Markhor is more widely distributed but also severely restricted in numbers.
Unscru-pulous hunting and transmission of diseases by domestic cattle have reduced its population size. Man is, however, the most serious predator and has made its status threatened with extinction.
Suleiman Markhor occurs in scattered isolated population on all the major ranges immediately to the north and east of
In the Suleiman range it occurs in the Gurchani Hills. Blue pine forests of
Old males have a long thick beard with relatively short thick legs and broad hooves. It is reddish grey in color weighing about 110. Kg. It measures 107 cm at the shoulder. Females have same shape of horns but shorter in length (26 cm).
It is a gregarious species. Females with their young generally live u~ herds. Mature males invariably live solitary and frequent inaccessible crags. They are diurnal, feeding on grasses more actively in early morning and late evening.
At this time male possess a very pungent goaty odour. Gestation period varies from 162-170 days. Twins are quite commonly born and there is a record of triplicates. Young Markhor definitely stay with their mother until next young is about to born.
Markhor have an alarming snort. It is perhaps more of a sneeze sound but quite explosive and capable of carrying several hundred yards. The oldest recorded age is 1 0 years.
The other sub-species of Markhor found within
1. Capra falconeri cashmiriensis
The Pir Panjal, Chitral.
2. Capra falconeri falconeri
3. Capra falconeri chialtanesis. Chiltan
4. Capra falconeri heptneri
5. Capra falconeri megaceros
Survey of the different sub-species of the Markhor have revealed that majority of the population of this unique and impressive looking wild animal is present in
To highlight the need to protect the wild animals and their environment, this special stamp on Suleiman Markhor is being issued on the event of the visit of HRH Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, President World Wild Fund for Nature to
To focus world attention on the need to protect and preserve this vulnerable wildlife species Pakistan Post Office is issuing a special postage stamp of Rs 2 value depicting “Suleiman Markhor” (Capra falconeri Jerdoni) on October 29, 1988. It is a part of the series on wildlife stamps being issued by Pakistan Post Office since 1975.