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Monday, August 31, 2009

Wildlife- Chinkara (June 20, 1983)

Biology: The barren type of habitat frequented by Gazelles necessitates a fairly wide dispersion of the population and ranging by individuals over considerable distances in order to secure sufficient forage.
They do, however, exhibit some gregarious traits and usually associate in small parties of two to three individuals and occasionally even up to six or seven.
They appear capable of surviving not only on grazing from the few scattered tufts of grass but also from browsing on various xerophytic bushes. Apparently they are able to subsist for certain seasons without drinking any free water as none is available in most regions frequented by this gazelle. Captive specimens when provided with Succulent fodder never showed any inclination to drink, but in early Autumn when fodder had a much lower moisture content they did drink occasionally.
In summer coat, the Indian Gazelle is of warm biscuit, Or reddish-buff colour, with the fur smooth and highly glossy. This is probably a valuable adaptation for reflecting beck some of the sun’s rays and thus minimizing heat absorption during the very high day time temperatures experienced in its habitat. Even in winter coat the white-belly and throat fur is smooth and short and the upper part of the body is more reddish-yellow and shorter furred. Distribution:
A very adaptable animal, it seems to be able to exist in extensive sand-dune areas down to sea level as well as in stony plateau and low hilly regions up to 1500 m (5000 ft) elevation. It can retreat for shelter during the day into quite steep mountain ravines or gullies as observed in the.Kirthar and Margalla Hills but generally they avoid steep bill sides. The Chinkara is severely reduced in numbers, perhaps to the point of extinction, in the desert regions all along the eastern border of Pakistan.
Pakistan Post Office is issuing a special postage stamp of Re.1/- denomination depicting ‘Chinkara’ (Gazella gazella bennetti) on 20 June 1983. It is a part of series on Wildlife stamps being issued by Pakistan Post Office to focus world attention on preservation of Wildlife. Earlier issues on Wildlife include a set of two vamps each on (i) Black Partridge (30-9-75). (ii) Urial (31-12-1975), (iii) Peacock (31-3- 1976), (iv) lbex (12-7-1976), (v) a set of four stamps depicting four rate varieties of Pheasants namely, Monal, White Created Kalij, Koklas and Cheer (17-6-79), (vi) Green Turtle (20-6-1981), (vii) Western Tragopan (15-9.1981), (viii).The Blind Indus Dolphin (24-44g52’~4ix) four Butterflies namely, Papilio Polyctor, Polydorus aristolchiae, Danaus Ghrus and Papilio demoleus (15-1-1981) and (x) Marsh Crocodile (Crocodilus palustrir) (19-6-1983).