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Thursday, August 20, 2009

Medicinal Plants of Pakistan - Saunf/Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare Gaertn)

Pakistan is endowed with the wealth of medicinal plants. These are the natural botanical source of medicines being manufactured by indigenous pharmaceutical houses in Pakistan. These are also the basic source of modern pharmaceutical market, although today it has become an entire medical world of synthetics, with elevated prices a common man can not afford.
It is therefore the most appropriate time to consider development and organization of our medicinal plants industry to become independent in the provision of common indigenous natural drugs that are being used to treat diseases in most of our rural areas. In our country there are grown wild or cultivated medicinal plants species which possess great potentialities not in the light of their use from centuries in the sub-continent in Greco-Arab (Unani or Eastern) system of medicine but also in the light of active principles or bio-dynamic compounds being isolated from them using ultra modern screening techniques available in our country.
Foeniculum vulgare Gaertn. Saunf/Fennel: Related to family Umbelliferae, the stout, glabrous, aromatic, biennial or perennial herb 5-6 feet high is a native of southern Europe and Asia, commonly cultivated in India and Pakistan. The seeds are used at large in Unani Preparations for their stomichic, digestive, carminative, expectorant, galactagogue, aromatic, diuretic and pectoral properties.
(Contributed By: Director Research Bait al-Hikmat, Hamdard, Karachi)
To mark the occasion Pakistan Post is issuing a special postage stamp of Rs. 6/- denomination on June 20, 1993.