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Wednesday, August 19, 2009

Medicinal Plants of Pakistan - Ajwain Khijrasani/Henbane (Hyoscyamus Niger Linn)

Pakistan is endowed with the wealth of medicinal plants. These are the natural botanical source of medicines being manufactured by indigenous pharmaceutical houses in Pakistan. These are also the basic source of modern pharmaceutical market, although today it has become an entire medical world of synthetics, with elevated prices a common man can not afford.
It is, therefore, the most appropriate time to consider development and organization of our medicinal plants industry to become independent in the provision of common indigenous natural drugs that are being used to treat diseases in most of our rural areas. In our country they are grown wild or cultivated medicinal plants species which possess great potentialities not in the light of their use from centuries in the sub-continent in Greco-Arab (Unani or Eastern) system of medicine but also in the light of active principles or bio-dynamic compounds being isolated from them using ultra modern screening techniques available in our country.
Hyoscyamus Niger Linn Ajwain Khurasani/ Henbane Member of family solanaceae is an erect, viscidity hairy, annual or biennial plant upto 5-feet high distributed wild in the Himalayan range, in Kashmir, Baluchistan and Iran also cultivated. The herb is valuable (for its contents) and its various parts are used in Unani preparations as nervine, astringent, resolvent, digestive, vermifuge, anticatarrhal, anodyne and disinfectant properties for various affections.
(Contributed by Director Research & Bait-al-Hikmat, Hamdard, Karachi)
To mark the occasion Pakistan Post is issuing a special postage stamp of Rs. 6/-denomination on October 18, 1994.