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Wednesday, August 19, 2009

Fourth World Conference On Women, Beijing China

Background Information: There have been three United Nations World Conference on Women held so far. First Conference was held during International Women\'s Year in Mexico City in 1975 which adopted a plan of Action that led to the declaration, by the United Nations General Assembly, of the United Nations Decade for Women.
In 1979 the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, which to date has 133 States Parties as signatories. A committee of independent experts reviews the implementation of the Convention, discusses reports submitted and makes recommendations to governments for further improvement. These activities demonstrate the commitment to bring about positive change.
At the Second Conference which held in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1980 a programme of action for the second half of the decades for Women was adopted with emphasis on education, employment and health.
The Third World Conference took place in Nairobi, Kenya in1985 to review and appraise achievements made and obstacles encountered during the Decade for Women. The Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the year 2000 were adopted by consensus.
The strategies provided a framework for action at the national, regional and international levels to promote empowerment of Women and their enjoyment of human rights.
A 1990 evaluation of the Forward-looking Strategies by the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women revealed that the world community had become more conscious of and sensitive to issues affecting women. However, there seemed to be some loss of momentum in implementation. The Fourth World Conference on Women aims to rekindle this momentum and focus on new issues, such as violence against women including the issue of sexual harassment which have been placed on the global agenda.
Goals of the Conference: The objectives of the Conference are: -To adopt a \'Platform for Action\' concentrating on key issues the critical areas of concern identified as obstacles to the advancement of women in the world. It will reflect the review and appraisal of the advancement of women since 1985 in terms of the objectives of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the year 2000. This document will propose and suggest corresponding strategic objectives and action to be taken by Governments, the international community non governmental organizations the private sector and individuals for the removal of the remaining obstacles in Women\'s full and equal participation in development in all spheres of life. It will include action to eradicate poverty, eliminate inequality in education, ensure access to relevant health care. employment and economic participation, further protection and preservation of the environment and inequality in sharing of power and decision-making improve image of women in the mass media promote women\'s human rights and eliminate violence against women.
To determine the priority actions to be taken between 1996 and 2001 for the advancement of women by the international community including the United Nations system.
To mobilize women and men at both the Policy-making and grass-roots levels to achieve those objectives.
To commemorate the occasion Pakistan Post is issuing a set of four commemorative postage stamps of Rs. 1.25 value each on September 15, 1995.