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Friday, July 17, 2009

Scientists of Pakistan Series - Prof. Dr. Abdus Salam

Prof Dr. Abdus Salam was born in Jhang (Pakistan) on 29-1 -1 926. He studied in Jhang and Lahore. He did his Master from Punjab University. He remained Foundation Scholar at St. Johns College Cambridge from 1946 - 1949 of Double First in Mathematics (Wrangler) and Physics.
He got a Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from Cavendish Laboratory Cambridge in 1952. He was also awarded Smiths Prize by the University of Cambridge for the most outstanding pre-doctoral contribution to Physics in 1950. He worked as Professor and Head of the Mathematics Dept. at the Punjab University besides working at different other Universities of the World.
He had also been working for the United Nations in different fields. He was awarded honorary doctorate by 26 Universities including the Cambridge University. He was a fellow at St. Jhon\'s College, Cambridge from 1951 - 1954, a fellow at the Institute of Advanced Studies at Princeton University (where Albert Einstein also did his research) in 1951, a member of the Royal Society and of the Prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Salam received the Adams Prize at Cambridge in 1958, the Maxwell Medal from the Physical Society of London in 1964, the Hughes Medal from Royal Society in 1964, the Guthrie Medal from the Institute of Physics, London in 1976, the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979.
Dr. Salam was president of the Third-world Academy of Sciences, Chief Scientific Advisor to the President of Pakistan, Member Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. His research areas were Physics of Elementary Particles/Scientific Education and Science Policy. He authored as many as 285 Research Papers, and eleven books on Physics. He was also awarded Sitara-e-Pakistan.
Pride of Performance and Presidents Award, in 1959 and the order of Nishan-e-Imtiaz (the Highest Civilian Award) in 1979 by Pakistan Government. Dr. Abdus Salam died on November 21,1996.
To commemorate the 2nd Death Anniversary of the eminent Nobel Prize holder Scientist of Pakistan Prof. Dr. Abdus Salam, Pakistan Post Office is issuing a commemorative postage stamp of Rs. 2/- denomination on November 21, 1998.