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Saturday, July 11, 2009

Moulana Muhammad Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi. (2003-10)

1. The late Moulana Muhammad Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi (1915-2001) a preeminent leader of the Muslim Students Federation, a valiant freedom-fighter of the Pakistan Movement, and a sincere and truthful politician of Pakistan, was born in Village Attak Paniala in Tehsil lsa Khail, District Mianwali on the Ist of October, 1915, in a prominent Niazi family. His father's name was Zulfiqar Khan.
2. After passing his Matriculation Examination (P.U.) from lsa Khail, in 1933, he joined the lsha'at-e-islam College, Lahore founded by Allama lqbal, to acquire religious (Dini) education, and obtained the two-year course Diploma of Mahir-e-Tabligh (Preaching Specialist) with first position, and passed the Punjab University's Honours in Persian (Munshi Fazil) Exam. From the same institution. Subsequently he passed his Intermediate, B.A. and M.A. (Arabic) Exams from the same university in 1936, 1938 and 1940 respectively, the last from the lslamia College Lahore, where he joined as Professor of lslamiyat in 1942, after having obtained another Master's degree in Persian in 1941. He was later promoted as the Head of the Department of lslamiyat in 1945.
3. He joined active politics in 1936 when he founded the Punjab Muslim Students Federation, along with Mian Muhammad Shafi (Meem Sheen), Dr. Abdul Salam Khurshid, Moulana Muhammad lbrahim Ali Chishti, Hamid Nizarni and Justice Anwar-ul-Haq, on the behest of Allama lqbal, and became its third President in 1939. He had been elected President of District Muslim League, Mianwali in 1938 and presented his "Khilafat-e- Pakistan Scheme" to the Quaid-e-Azarn in Delhi in 1939. He played a preeminent role in the March 1940 Session of the All India Muslim League held at Lahore and organized Khilafat-e-Pakistan Conference on this occasion under the auspices of the Punjab Muslim Students Federation which was addressed by such luminaries as the Raja of Mahmood Abad (Amir Muhammad Khan), Ch. Khaliq-uz-Zaman and Sardar Aurang Zeb Khan.
Having been re-elected as the President of District Muslim League Mianwali in 1942, he organized the first annual session of the Punjab Muslim League at Lyallpur, where the Quaid was given a resounding reception.
4. Eldeted as a Councillor of the Punjab Muslim League and the All India Muslim League 1943, he became Acting Secretary-General of the former in 1944.
5. He resigned his position at the lslamia College under the direction of the Quaid to devote his energies to political work and was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1946. During this election he played a remarkable active role, as he did in the subsequently held historical convention of the All India Muslim League held in Imperial Hotel, Delhi in April 1946. As usual his undaunted and courageous leadership during the Muslim League's anti-Khizar Hayat agitation was recognized by all.6. After the emergence of Pakistan he pursued an upright and independent course within and outside the Punjab Legislative Assembly. Re-elected to the Assembly in 1951, he convened an All Pakistan Islamic Teachings Convention in March 1952. His valiant stance in the Khatm-e- Nabuwwat Movement of 1953 almost took him to the gallows, his death sentence having been commuted to life imprisonment and later honourable acquittal in 1955.
7. He opposed the Tashqand declaration staunchly and joined the Jamiat Ulama-e-Pakistan in 1970. In 1975 he became the Secretary General of the party and played a very effective and important role in cobbling the Pakistan national Alliance together. He undertook long tours to Islamic and Western countries in connection with Tabligh activities Tehrik-e-Pakistan Gold Medal was conferred on him in August 1987. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1988 and 1990, joining the Federal Cabinet as the Minister for Local government and later Religious Affairs, He played a crucial role in the passage of Shariat Bill (1991). In 1994 he was elected a member of the Senate. In 1995 a hip fracture severely handicapped him but he continued his national activities in pursuit of his Islamic commitment, despite this physical set back. He died in Mianwali District Hospital is a result of heart failure on the 2nd of May 2001 and was buried in accordance with his will in the Complex founded by him near Rokhri Morr, Mianwali. Keeping the vow of his youth, he remained a bachelor all his life devoting his entire energies to the cause of Islam and Pakistan. Date of Issue (August 14, 2003)